Tag Archives: Gardens

69. “A STATELY MANSION, substantially built of STONE, in a pleasing style of ARCHITECTURE”: auction plan and description of Sir Isaac Holden’s Oakworth House.

Detail of plan of Oakworth House Estate, showing mansion and glasshouses (HOL 3/2/2)

Detail of plan of Oakworth House Estate, showing mansion and glasshouses (HOL 3/2/2)

“An elegant edifice … most elaborate and sumptuous” Keighley Past and Present (1879, p.236).

“I trust your Chateau is making progress at Oakworth” Jonathan Holden in a letter to Isaac Holden 1876 (Holden-Illingworth Letters p.513)

This week, documents which give a vivid picture of a lost wonder of Bradford: a plan and draft description of the Oakworth House Estate written for the Sale by Public Auction at the Temperance Hall Keighley on 20 July 1898.

Letter heading for Oakworth House, used by Sir Isaac Holden and others throughout the Holden Papers

Letterhead for Oakworth House, Keighley, with Holden crest

Located in the village of Oakworth, just outside Keighley, Oakworth House was a large Italianate villa, designed for Sir Isaac Holden by Bradford architect George Smith.  It replaced a smaller house built by Jonas Sugden, brother of Isaac’s wife Sarah.  On the edge of the moors, with clean and bracing air, Oakworth village was becoming popular with well-off Bradfordians seeking to live outside the pollution of the city; it was easily commutable from 1867 thanks to Oakworth Station of Railway Children fame – though, typically, Sir Isaac tended to walk to his Alston factory, on Thornton Road, about 9 or 10 miles depending on the route.

Oakworth House took ten years (1864-1874) to complete and cost £80,000.  Sir Isaac took a close personal interest in all aspects of its design, sparing no expense to include every luxury and convenience: electric and gas light, telegraph, telephone and innovative heating and ventilation systems.  It had a Central Hall, Drawing Room, Dining Room, Library, Morning Room, Study, Billiard Room, eight bedrooms, two bathrooms, servants’ quarters, offices and cellars: the auctioneer’s description gives dimensions and details of elements such as the splendid oak panelling.

Oakworth House, Keighley, photograph from The Holden-Illingworth letters, date & photographer unknown

Oakworth House, Keighley, photograph from The Holden-Illingworth letters, date & photographer unknown

Many of the features of Oakworth House reflected Sir Isaac’s beliefs about health: the value of fresh fruit, exercise and very hot daily baths.  Hence a Turkish Bath was fitted in the house, while the grounds contained a unique Winter Garden  and many other Glass Houses (Peach House, Vineries, Fig House, Tomato Houses …).  French and Italian craftsmen created magical caves, grottoes and mosaic paths in the extensive woods.

Oakworth House, Keighley

Oakworth House, Keighley, by Poulton and Sons (mislabelled Oakworth Hall, which is an 18th century building still in existence).

After Sir Isaac’s death in 1897 (in his 91st year – a lifespan possibly thanks to his healthy lifestyle!), the House was left empty.  Sadly this wonderful building burned down in 1909.  Later his family presented the grounds of Oakworth House to the local Council as a public park in his memory; Holden Park was opened by his grandson Francis Illingworth in 1925.  It is still open to the public, who can delight in what remains of Sir Isaac’s magnificent mansion: the portico, summerhouse, caves, grottoes, mosaics, paths.

Holden Park in 2009 showing the portico and some of the rockeries.  Photo from Tim Green's flickr stream under CC BY 2.0

Holden Park in 2009 showing the portico and some of the rockeries. Photo from Tim Green’s flickr stream under CC BY 2.0.

Sources: plan and description archive reference HOL 3/2/2.  This account is based on many published and unpublished sources, including the Holden Papers and The Holden-Illingworth letters.

18. A Flower-Garden Display’d: Curtis’s Botanical Magazine

This week’s Object is probably my favourite of all the printed books in Special Collections at Bradford.

Curtis’s Botanical Magazine began in 1787 as The Botanical Magazine, or Flower-Garden display’d, founded by William Curtis.  It featured scientific details and hand-coloured images of ornamental plants plus information about how to grow them.  The Magazine was intended for “the use of such ladies, gentlemen and gardeners as wish to become scientifically acquainted with the plants they cultivate”.  Special Collections holds 1787-1817.

The reason I love this publication is obvious from these images: the stunning illustrations.  The contrast of these incredibly bright colours and beautiful flowers leaping from our rather drab bindings simply has to be experienced in person.  However, we’ve had a go at showing what we mean in this video.

The illustrations are hand-coloured copper engravings.  The colours used and skills varied between colourists, so each copy of the early years of the Magazine is unique.

The Magazine was highly successful and remains a respected reference source: it is still published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

See more beautiful images and further information about Curtis and the Magazine in this feature by Glasgow University Library Special Collections.  And the reproductions are particularly gorgeous in this blog post by St Andrew’s University Special Collections about their copies of this fantastic work (first in a series of Inspiring Illustrations, well worth following if you enjoyed this post).